Summer is here and the temperature is rising to the high 20s to the low 30s. Young children under 4 years of age and adults older than 65 are at higher risk of heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion is caused by exposure to high temperatures combined with humidity and strenuous physical activity. The signs and symptoms include: cool moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat, heavy sweating, feeling faint or dizzy, fatigue, weak but rapid pulse, muscle cramps, nausea, headache, and low blood pressure upon standing.
If you think you are experiencing heat exhaustion, stop whatever you are doing and rest; move to a cooler place, and drink cool water or sports drinks. See a doctor if the temperature is greater than 40 degrees Celsius.
In order to avoid heat exhaustion this summer, try to avoid prolonged exposure under the sun especially between 11 am – 3pm and stay in the shade. Wear loose fitting clothing. Put on some sunscreen. Drink plenty of fluids especially electrolyte replacement fluids (energy drinks), and avoid strenuous exercise without rest breaks with water or staying in a cool place.